In the last few years, Italian and European institutions have taken an increasing interest in the development of technologies related to hydrogen production, storage and transport.
In particular, in 2019, Italy published the Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate (Piano Nazionale Integrato per l'Energia e il Clima or PNIEC), which covered all aspects of hydrogen; in particular, it set the use of green hydrogen at at least 1% of the RES target for transport.
Subsequently, in 2021, the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR) allocated EUR 3.64 billion to hydrogen, with the aim of:
- developing flagship projects for the use of hydrogen in hard-to-abate industrial sectors, starting with the steel industry;
- fostering the creation of “hydrogen valleys”, in particular by leveraging areas with disused industrial sites;
- creating filling stations for road and rail transport,
- supporting R&D;
- implementing the reforms and regulations necessary to enable hydrogen use, transport and distribution.
Against this backdrop, K.EY, in partnership with H2IT, ENEA and all the main institutions involved, is promoting the development of projects and actions to integrate hydrogen production and storage technologies with renewable energy sources in order to improve energy and economic efficiency, while assessing their environmental costs.
Green hydrogen is produced through processes with no or very low CO2 emissions, and represents one of the main game changers for the energy transition in industrial manufacturing and transport.
THE SITUATION IN EUROPE
- currently, only around 1% of global hydrogen production is green, with approximately 300 MW of electrolyser capacity;
- electrolyser capacity is expected to reach 6 GW by 2024 and then 10.9 GW by 2026;
- new projects have been announced with a capacity of 120 GW up to 2030 and beyond.
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